Sperm Retrieval Process by Dr Hrishikesh Pai


Sperm Retrieval Process by Dr Hrishikesh Pai

In this article, Dr Hrishikesh Pai, one of the top gynecologists', IVF fertility specialists and Obstetricians since 1991, who has 35+ years of experience and has performed over 1000 cases.

Dr Hrishikesh Pai explains about the sperm retrieval process at the IVF centre in Delhi, which is a part of IVF chain bloom best fertility centre in India, a world-class facility with an elegant ambience and many unique amenities.

The IVF centre in Delhi has one the most highly trained and qualified IVF specialists and doctors that are able to assist the patients and consult and guide them about  IVF and its various procedures.

Sperm retrieval is one of the most sought out procedures locally and globally for male infertility issues.

What is Sperm Retrieval?

What is sperm retrieval

Sperm retrieval is a process where the goal is to harvest sperm when the male is suffering from infertility issues. This procedure is done when there is very little to no sperm in the ejaculate.
If you want any more information about what sperm retrieval you can ask the doctor here at clinicspot
Consulting your doctor and educating yourself is very vital before opting for any procedure.

Who should undergo a sperm retrieval procedure?

According to Dr Hrishikesh, a sperm retrieval procedure is recommended for males suffering from obstructive azoospermia and non-obstructive azoospermia.

Obstructive Azoospermia

In this condition, the testicles produce sperm, but the male reproductive tract blocks the sperm from entering the semen. 

A few factors that can cause this are:
  • Vasectomy
  • Obstruction in the epididymis and ejaculatory duct
  • Cystic fibrosis 

Non-obstructive Azoospermia

Non-obstructive azoospermia is when the body does not produce sperm at all or has very few sperm that don’t appear in the ejaculate.
This type is diagnosed among 10% of men.

Sperm Retrieval Procedure Types

There are three types of sperm retrieval procedures that are performed for treating male infertility.

Sperm Retrieval Procedure Types

Testicular Sperm Extraction (TESE)

  • This treatment method is done on men with no sperm in the ejaculate.
  • TESE procedure is done by making a small incision in the testis and examining the tubules for the presence of sperm
  • The TESE method is performed under general anaesthesia.
  • This procedure can be performed in the operating room or the office alone by giving sedation to the patient. 

Testicular Sperm Aspiration (TESA)

A testicular sperm aspiration procedure is done on men who have obstructive azoospermia.
The procedure is done by giving local anaesthesia to the patient.
The TESEA procedure is done by inserting a needle in the testicle and aspirating tissue and fluid.

Microdissection TESE (MicroTESE)

This treatment method is done when the body does not release or make healthy sperms. Microdissection test (Micro TESE) is a procedure that takes sperm directly from the testicular tissue of the male reproductive system. It is essential to take a semen analysis before the MicroTESE procedure to assess the semen.

After treatment

The doctors recommend that after treatment you need to avoid at least 48 hours of hard activity.
The treatment will take you at least 2 weeks to recover completely.
You will be given antibiotics to lower the infection.

After treatment


It is important to educate yourself about sperm retrieval as it would prepare you to make easier decisions about the procedure. It is good to understand and know that the procedure might not always solve the problem but with the support of and consultation of good doctors in your life you can trust them to do their best. As in this article you have learned about sperm retrieval and its types. Always be sure to consult the doctor if you have any doubts or queries.

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