What is Ear Infection: Its Treatment, Diagnosis, Symptoms & Causes


What is Ear Infection: Its Treatment, Diagnosis, Symptoms & Causes

Acute otitis media, another name for an ear infection, is an unexpected infection in the middle ear. The air-filled area between your inner ear and the eardrum is called the middle ear. It has tiny bones that transfer sound waves from your eardrum to your inner ear, giving you the ability to hear.

The eustachian tubes are canals that connect your middle ear to the back of your throat. By sharing your experiences of the related health issues you can submit a guest post on health.

A malfunctioning eustachian tube makes it difficult for fluid to exit your middle ear, which can result in muted hearing. Middle ear fluid is also a result of ear infections. These conditions result in an infection of the middle ear fluid, which often causes discomfort in addition to hearing loss.

Why Ear Infections are Common in Children

Adults experience ear infections less frequently than children do because:

  • Since their eustachian tubes aren't working as well as adults', fluid is more likely to build up behind the eardrum.
  • Their immune system, which fights infections on behalf of the body, is still growing..

The Common Symptoms of Ear Infections Are

  • Ear pain.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Trouble sleeping.
  • Hearing difficulties in the obstructed ear.
  • A pressure or fullness sensation in your ears.
  • Ear discharge that is yellow, brown, or white.

What is the Main Cause of Ear Infection

Ear infections are caused by viruses and bacteria. Colds and other upper respiratory illnesses are common causes of ear infections. This is how the germs enter your middle ear: via the eustachian tube. 

Your eustachian tubes may expand after the bacteria or virus is inside. The enlargement blocking the eustachian tube might lead to infected fluid in your inner ear and impaired tube function.

Ear Infection: Diagnosis

Your child's doctor will use an otoscope, a lit device, to examine your child's eardrum during the ear exam. An ear infection is indicated by an eardrum that is red, puffy, or inflamed.

To check for middle ear fluid, the doctor attending to your kid may use a pneumatic otoscope. When an air puff is sprayed at the eardrum with a pneumatic otoscope, the eardrum should move back and forth. If your child has fluid in their ear, it will not move readily.

Some of The Additional Tests to Diagnose Ear Infection in Children


This test uses air pressure to look for fluid in your child's middle ear.

Acoustic Reflectometry

This is basically a sound wave test in which doctors insert sound waves in children's middle ear to check the fluid.


Through this process, the doctor can take fluid out of your child's middle ear and check it for bacteria and viruses. If their infection hasn't been resolved by other therapies, their physician can suggest tympanocentesis.

Hearing Tests

If your kid has hearing loss, a provider known as an audiologist may conduct hearing testing. Newborn fetuses to small kids are the main ones in whom you will find chronic ear infection disease.

A Treatment of Ear Infection in Children via Antibiotic Therapy

If an ear infection persists after a period of observation, your doctor might suggest antibiotic treatment:

  • Children aged six months and up who have had a temperature of 102.2 F (39 C) or higher, or who have experienced moderate to severe ear discomfort in one or both ears for at least 48 hours.
  • Children aged 6 to 23 months who have had a temperature of less than 102.2 F (39 C) and mild middle ear pain in one or both ears for less than 48 hours.
  • Children aged 24 months and up who have had a temperature of less than 102.2 F (39 C) with mild middle ear pain in one or both ears for less than 48 hours.

When acute otitis media is diagnosed in a child younger than six months, antibiotics are more likely to be administered without the initial observational waiting period.

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